If you have travelled to Myanmar, there are three things that would have certainly caught your attention - the scorching hot weather, women with painted faces, and red splodges that artfully bedeck the floors.

Why do Burmese women paint their faces? Is it medicinal, decorative, or merely an age-long tradition that has been prevalent in the region?

    Why Do Burmese Women Paint Their Faces?

    Thanaka: The Burmese Way of Beauty

    Known as thanaka, the yellowish-white substance is derived from the barks of the Murraya tree. It has been used for over thousands of years in Myanmar as cosmetics – simply by grinding the barks into a paste that is applied onto the face in patterns deemed the most appealing for each individual. On top of that, thanaka is also loved for what is claimed to be its protective properties. It is used day-to-day as natural sunscreen to dutifully shield the skin from harmful UV rays and the sweltering weather.

    This form of beauty is perhaps what makes Myanmar so incredibly unique. While many native cultures are on a brink of extinction, the usage of thanaka is fortunately still widely practiced among Burmese women, children and a large number of men. It has become a part of the Burmese way of life, effectively distinguishing the country from the rest of Indochina. Nevertheless, the application of thanaka can be marginally observed in Thailand, Vietnam and Laos, to which the practice has spread to.

    thanaka myanmar
    Why Do Burmese Women Paint Their Faces?
    Thanaka Face Powder Burmese Tanaka
    Young Burmese boys with thanaka face paiting in Kyaikto

    The Making of Thanaka

    The paste is made by grinding the bark with a small amount of water on a kyauk pyin - a circular slate slab. The barks can very commonly be found and the grinding process usually takes place at home. Ready made paste, however, are becoming increasingly available as technology gradually takes over the way things are produced in Myanmar.

    thanaka myanmar
    Thanaka is derived from the barks of the Murraya tree
    what is burmese thanaka
    Thanaka is made by grinding the bark with a small amount of water on a kyauk pyin

    Thanaka Application and Styles

    The paste is customarily applied to the face in the form of circular patches on the cheeks. Those with more distinct patterns will instantly catch the eyes of curious passersby, whether in stripes or playful zigzags. The product bears the subtle fragrance of sandalwood while containing active ingredients such as coumarin and marmesin that makes it highly effective although completely unprocessed.

    Why do Burmese Women Have White Faces?
    An elderly Burmese woman with thanaka face painting smoking a cheroot cigar
    Benefits of Thanaka
    A Burmese toddler with beautiful thanaka painted in the shape of leaves
    thanaka myanmar
    A Burmese girl wearing thanaka face paint in distinctive patterns

    Heading to Myanmar? Get ready to be wowed by the countless fascinating and intriguing Burmese cultures.

    Happy traveling!
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